Java笔记-Spring Boot中Spring WS WS-Addressing中@Action实例

此笔记为利用Spring WS的WS-Addressing发送SOAP请求及接收其响应。

WS-Addressing(Web服务寻址):传送Web服务端点的引用的数据结构,以及一套能够在特定的消息上关联寻址信息的消息寻址属性。

 

服务端

@Endpoint:此注解告诉Spring注解这是个类有资格处理soap请求。

@Action:此注解映射特定的soap行为,比如返回一个简单的POJO类。

package cn.it1995.server;

import cn.it1995.GetTestRequest;
import cn.it1995.GetTestResponse;
import cn.it1995.MyTest;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.Endpoint;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.RequestPayload;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.ResponsePayload;
import org.springframework.ws.soap.addressing.server.annotation.Action;


@Endpoint
public class IT1995Endpoint {


    @Action("http://it1995.cn/getTestRequest")
    public @ResponsePayload
    GetTestResponse getTest(@RequestPayload GetTestRequest request){

        GetTestResponse response = new GetTestResponse();
        MyTest myTest = new MyTest();
        myTest.setId(request.getId());
        myTest.setName("Hello World");
        response.setMyTest(myTest);
        return response;
    }
}

关于空的soapAction

在配置Spring ws中,默认情况下都会生成包含空的soapAction的WSDL。可以覆盖这个映射,设置适当的soapAction属性。

如:

DefaultWsdl11Definition.setSoapActions(soapActions)

方法

package cn.it1995.server;

import org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.ServletRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource;
import org.springframework.ws.config.annotation.EnableWs;
import org.springframework.ws.transport.http.MessageDispatcherServlet;
import org.springframework.ws.wsdl.wsdl11.DefaultWsdl11Definition;
import org.springframework.xml.xsd.SimpleXsdSchema;
import org.springframework.xml.xsd.XsdSchema;

import java.util.Properties;

@EnableWs
@Configuration
public class SoapServerConfig {

    @Bean
    public ServletRegistrationBean messageDispatcherServlet(ApplicationContext applicationContext){

        MessageDispatcherServlet servlet = new MessageDispatcherServlet();
        servlet.setApplicationContext(applicationContext);
        servlet.setTransformWsdlLocations(true);
        return new ServletRegistrationBean(servlet, "/ws/*");
    }

    @Bean(name = "it1995")
    public DefaultWsdl11Definition defaultWsdl11Definition(XsdSchema schema){

        DefaultWsdl11Definition wsdl11Definition = new DefaultWsdl11Definition();
        wsdl11Definition.setPortTypeName("IT1995Port");
        wsdl11Definition.setLocationUri("/ws");
        wsdl11Definition.setTransportUri("http://it1995.cn/webservice");
        wsdl11Definition.setSchema(schema);

        //为动态生成的wsdl添加soap action
        Properties soapActions = new Properties();
        soapActions.setProperty("getTest", "http://it1995.cn/getTestRequest");
        wsdl11Definition.setSoapActions(soapActions);
        return wsdl11Definition;
    }

    @Bean
    public XsdSchema it1995Schema(){

        return new SimpleXsdSchema(new ClassPathResource("xsd/MyData.xsd"));
    }
}

最后是关于Spring Boot的启动项

package cn.it1995.server;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class RunServer {

    public static void main(String[] args){

        SpringApplication.run(RunServer.class);
    }
}

 

Spring WS-Addressing客户端

配置客户端其中WS-Addressing开启soap请求。通过扩展WebServiceGateWaySupport创建client。通过WebServiceTemplate发送soap请求。首先创建ActionCallback提供了action url。这个location注册了server方法及WSDL。最后通过WebServiceTemplate发送请求及获取Response。

package cn.it1995.client;

import cn.it1995.GetTestRequest;
import cn.it1995.GetTestResponse;
import org.springframework.ws.client.core.support.WebServiceGatewaySupport;
import org.springframework.ws.soap.addressing.client.ActionCallback;

import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;

public class IT1995Client extends WebServiceGatewaySupport {

    public GetTestResponse getTest(int id) throws URISyntaxException {

        GetTestRequest request = new GetTestRequest();
        request.setId(id);

        ActionCallback callback = new ActionCallback(
                new URI("http://it1995.cn/getTestRequest")
        );

        return (GetTestResponse)getWebServiceTemplate().marshalSendAndReceive(request, callback);
    }
}

配置client端,创建一个marshaller发送请求及获取响应,初始化客户端。

package cn.it1995.client;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller;

@Configuration
public class SoapClientConfig {

    @Bean
    public Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller(){

        Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller = new Jaxb2Marshaller();
        marshaller.setContextPath("cn.it1995");
        return marshaller;
    }

    @Bean
    public IT1995Client it1995Client(Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller){

        IT1995Client client = new IT1995Client();
        client.setDefaultUri("http://localhost:8080/ws/it1995");
        client.setMarshaller(marshaller);
        client.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);
        return client;
    }
}

配置client端,创建一个marshaller发送请求及获取响应,初始化客户端。

package cn.it1995.client;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller;

@Configuration
public class SoapClientConfig {

    @Bean
    public Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller(){

        Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller = new Jaxb2Marshaller();
        marshaller.setContextPath("cn.it1995");
        return marshaller;
    }

    @Bean
    public IT1995Client it1995Client(Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller){

        IT1995Client client = new IT1995Client();
        client.setDefaultUri("http://localhost:8080/ws/it1995");
        client.setMarshaller(marshaller);
        client.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);
        return client;
    }
}

使用AnnotationConfigApplicationContext初始化客户端,下面是个调用例子:

package cn.it1995.client;

import cn.it1995.GetTestResponse;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;

import java.net.URISyntaxException;

public class RunClient {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws URISyntaxException {

        AnnotationConfigApplicationContext context = new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext(SoapClientConfig.class);
        IT1995Client client = context.getBean(IT1995Client.class);
        GetTestResponse response = client.getTest(1);
        System.out.println(response.getMyTest().getId());
        System.out.println(response.getMyTest().getName());
    }
}

这里客户端wsdl如下:

源码打包下载地址:

https://github.com/fengfanchen/Java/tree/master/WebServiceAction

 

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